DNS stands for Domain Name System. It is one of the oldest running systems in the Internet communication. DNS is nothing less than the backbone of the entire Internet communication. In the earlier days, when the Internet was in its nascent stage, people will have to enter IP (Internet Protocol) Addresses to access the websites and web pages. However, this soon became a cumbersome job as the number of websites started growing and Internet increased its penetration.
A typical IP address is a combination of digits separated by dots. Remembering a unique combination of numbers for each website is not only difficult, it is near impossible if the number of website becomes too big. With the current state of the Internet, you can well imagine how chaotic it would have been if we had to remember the IP address of every individual website, not to mention that this system was nowhere near being user friendly.
DNS came to rescue. It is the system that allows you to remember just a regular name and once you have entered the name of the website this system finds the relevant IP for the domain name and makes sure that your request reaches the right server. Without DNS entire web based communication as we know it will be crippled and brought to a standstill. However, since DNS was implemented way back when online attack and malwares were not much heard of, there is little or virtually no security included in the system. Quite astonishingly DNS is one of the most important yet most vulnerable of all in the entire Internet network.
As mentioned, DNS is quite vulnerable to external attacks. It will only take a person to slightly tamper with the DNS servers and the user will no longer be able to reach the targeted websites. Let us take a closer look at some of the exploits.
DNS poisoning is a specialised task that tampers with the DNS server records. This has the potential to take any unsuspecting visitors to any website instead of the original one. Consider an unsuspecting person being directed to a fake bank website where he/she reveals the login id & password. Or, online shoppers are being directed to another fake ecommerce site where credit card or other financial payment details are revealed by many. These are major exploits.
Another highly popular and notorious DNS attack is the Denial of Service attack. It is more commonly referred to as DoS or DDoS. The targets of this type of attacks are one particular IP. It uses varied methods, but the result is same. The targeted IP becomes unavailable, either because of server crash or because it has been indefinitely looped in a series of requests. Here is a great article to learn more about DoS attacks.
Even though there are such simple and major exploit patterns available, these attacks can be prevented. For starter, an organization should stop using general-purpose computers for DNS. They need to implement purpose-built computers with higher and targeted security to ensure protection of DNS. It is also important to shield the DNS from uncontrolled and unmonitored access. There are various security protocols and security systems available that can do the job. You should always hire an expert to set up your DNS system and security.
DNS attack is ever growing menace. It is best to stay alert and be prepared for them. Saving some money and time by using a vulnerable system for DNS is never a smart choice. Investment on DNS security is worth it.
“The very basic core of a man’s living spirit is his passion for adventure. The joy of life comes from our encounters with new experiences, and hence there is no greater joy than to have an endlessly changing horizon, for each day to have a new and different sun.” - Jon Krakauer, Into the Wild
Road trips, be it a day long or a month long, is a smooth highway to the unbound happiness within us. To step out of the comfort zone, and still be comfortable, you need to do little bit of before end preparation. Let’s explore some dos and don’ts while preparing for a long road trip.
Mode of transport - Road trips are varied be it cycling in the rough terrain, exploring the foot hills with your Harley Davison or a car trip with your best friends through the deserts of Vegas, respecting the needs of your vehicle will take you a long way. Often it may be cheaper to rent a car from a national car rental agency like Discount Car than it is to use your own car. Professional inspection of every minute aspect should be done before you leave your door steps.
Once in midst of the wild, the last thing you’ll want is your vehicle breaking down. When hitch hiking, one should expect to walk long distances by foot. Getting access to public transport is a matter of luck.
As a preparation, the person should be habituated to walk and run; being physically fit is the key. When travelling to some foreign land, research about the routes, contact number of the local police and safety standards should be maintained. At the time of crisis they come out to be very useful.
Packing your back pack - On your road trip, your back pack is going to be your best friend. The first rule for that, is keeping the weight to minimum, no one wants to drag around a heavy bag. It kills half the fun.
Firstly, the selection of bag is important. The straps of the bag should be as such that, the weight is evenly distributed throughout the body. An extra strap on the waist works wonder. Bags with multiple chains and pockets should be chosen .While packing all the space available shouldn’t be filled up, always leave ample amount of space for souvenirs to be carried home.
When coming to the quality of back packs, it’s better to go for a waterproof one. Diverse terrain and unexpected weather conditions won’t come in your way, when travelling with your efficient backpack.
Health and Wealth - Stepping out from our comfort zone means, a little bargain with our health’s too. Hours of drive on roads, leaves you with a stiff and painful pain. A fast pain relief spray or a water bag comes in handy in those situations. It’s also advisable to carry, basic meds.
Though one is high with adrenaline rush before the day of the road trip, its best to get a minimum of six hours of sleep. It not only gives you an extra edge by giving your body and mind the pre required rest but keeps you awake and alert throughout the day.
Do remember to carry money, distributed in various pockets of the bag, that way if you drop a few, you will be safe
When done with the basic preparation, everything else should be left to the unpredictability of life, enjoying the trip to its fullest.
WiFi fingerprinting is one of the most used methods currently when it comes to indoor positioning, however, there is a large segment of the population that has no idea about the method. Before we move on to the use of the WiFi fingerprinting method, let us take a look at a WiFi fingerprint and find out what it actually is.
As everyone knows, fingerprint is the unique print of the fingers of any human being that will identify the person. Similarly, using some parameters of WiFi signal at a location a unique identification number is generated for that location. The parameters taken into consideration vary from person to person. This choice of parameter is responsible behind accuracy of the WiFi fingerprinting system. However, irrespective of the parameter(s) being used, this process is known as WiFi fingerprinting.
The major parameters which are taken into consideration while obtaining the WiFi fingerprint are RSSI (Received Signal Strength), AP (Access Point) Visibility, and a mix of various factors like strength, stability, and constancy of signal. The values of these factors are used in various algorithms to get the final fingerprint of any location. As is evident, use of different parameter will yield different result even while using the same algorithm. Thus, these parameters are important factors when it comes to WiFi fingerprinting method accuracy.
Before moving further, let us take a closer look at the objective. Indoor Positioning System or IPS is the system of accurately determine the location of any device accessing almost any network within the confines of walls. It is used to effectively determine the location of the person using the device.
WiFi is one of the various technologies being used for positioning purpose. When the question is about indoor positioning, WiFi is the best choice. Technologies like GPS (Global Positioning System) and GLOSNASS (Global Navigation Satellite System) are rendered useless or highly inaccurate when used within an indoor location. WiFi, on the other hand, has emerged as the perfect alternative. With high concentration of access points and every mobile device having WiFi access, using the various parameters of WiFi network is the best choice for indoor positioning purposes.
The question is bound to come to mind, how does indoor positioning help me? The answer is simple – it helps us almost all through the day in various forms. Whether it is updating status with location tag in social media, or using any location based service to find best services nearest to your location, or simply finding way during a tour, or may be to locate some lost/stolen device, indoor positioning has become a part and parcel of our daily life. It is a relatively new technology but even there are companies like JibeStream who is applying it to help organizations like hospitals and schools.
Every technology advancement comes along with security issues. In this case, it is a genuine concern as some people might not wish them to be tracked at all times. Google has suggested appending “_nomap” to SSID of wireless access network and preventing it from being used by Google in any search. It is better to follow these preventive steps instead of closing the process.
Canberra is the Australian Capital Territory extending between Sydney and Melbourne. The city of Canberra is enriched with cultural treasures as well as scenic beauty and so has myriads of places to explore.
If you are planning to visit Canberra, you have come to the right place. In this post, you’ll find top 7 places to visit in a car. Don’t worry if you don’t have a car. There are a number of good and efficient car rental agencies like Discount Car present in the city which you can take help from.
It is a monument that was built in the memory of Australian war fatalities. This massive monument is built in unique Byzantine style. The name of Australians died in the war can be seen inscripted in bronze on the walls of colonnades. The monument was later combined with museum, art gallery and library. The galleries portray the stories of Australian conflicts. A tribute is presented daily to the martyrs at 4:55 pm.
Treolar crescent, Campbell
10 am to 5 pm.
This lake can be called as indication symbol of Canberra. It is named after the city's renowned architect. The lake is embraced with six islands out of which, Aspen island, being the largest one. It offers a great picnic spot with fishing and sailing facilities.
It contains Australia's largest collection of art located on the shore of Lake Burley Griffin. A collection of decorative arts, ceramics, costumes, sculpture, textiles can be seen. A complete survey of the gallery usually takes a day. The High court of Australia adjoined to the gallery can also be explored.
Parkes place, Parkes.
10 am to 5 pm.
It is also located on Lake Burley Griffin between the High court and National library. A variety of scientific experiments are showcased at the center along with some 'do it yourself' experiments meant for recreation of visitors. The center was opened with an objective of promoting science and technology among people. The technology center of the place also welcomes budding innovators for showcasing their innovations and attending the workshops.
King Edward Terrace, Parkes.
9 am to 5 pm.
The National library is a treasure of books, manuscripts, newspapers, music, historical documents and pictures. The construction is Greek styled with marbles and travertine on walls and columns. It is a heaven to avid readers. The library is also equipped with reading room, cafe and bookstore.
Parkes place, Parkes.
Mon to Thurs from 9 am to 9 pm.
Fri to Sat from 9 am to 5 pm.
Daily 10 am to 6 pm.
The center covers a huge area of 5 hectares spread across the slopes of Black mountain. The Australian flora can be studied at the place. Multifold species of plants and trees can be admired. The garden is certainly haven for birds and butterflies.
Cluines Ross Street, Acton.
8:30 am to 5 pm.
The 50 m white carillon tower stands upright on the Apen Island in Lake Burley Griffin. It was a gift from the British government to the Canberra. The tower is incorporated with opal and quartz columns. The most distinguished character of the tower is the presence of 55 bronze bells. A recital is held and the music of the bells swirls across the lake.
Kings Park, Aspen island.
Recitals- Wed to Sun from 12:30 to 1:20 pm.
Every now and then we come across many road accidents. Some of them are deadly and some of them are more than just deadly! The actual cause of accident is never fathomed but in most of the cases the, condition of road leads to such health hazards.
In most of the cases spine is affected. Or it may cause severe head trauma to some while serious injuries to others. Poor driving surfaced are combination of both seasonal and traffic conditions. It is the government’s duty to maintain the roads and ensure safety to the citizens along with this the individual is also liable to avoid rash driving and properly maintain the vehicle.
The most prevalent issues that cause accidents are:
You are driving on a clean driving surface and suddenly notice a hole in the middle of it out of nowhere, and before you could notice, the damage was done. It is the potholes which cause major accidents now a days.
A Pothole is generally caused by a fault in the asphalt pavement due to the presence of water underlying the soil surface. The presence of continuous traffic breaks the poorly supported surface leading to a hole.
These usually occur due to:
a. Insufficient drainage of water.
b. Inadequate thickness of the surface.
To avoid this problem a proper survey and maintenance of the road is required and a firm drainage system is another necessity. It is possible to repair potholes through asphat repair products such as ProPatch sold by Innovative Surface Solutions.
2. Ice patches:
An ice patch is the most common complication during winters. They are created by:
b. Low drainage capacity of the road.
c. Excessive moisture.
d. Low temperature.
Ice patches can be seen nearly on every road in winters and require for a cautious driving. The surface becomes too much slippery and leads to a hazard. The icy surface is needed to be scrapped out avoidance of crisis.
3. Oil patches:
The oil on road causes major accidents. Generally oil ejected from vehicles tends to accumulate over the surface of road which makes it slippery enough and prone to an accident. The vehicle should be serviced from time to time. These are temporary fixes on road but can become slippery when left for extended period of time.
4. Uneven pavement:
We tend to think that tripping over an uneven pavement happens mostly to elders but it can happen to any one of us. Tripping and consequently falling over an uneven pavement causes grazed knee and serious muscle damage or even broken bones.
5. Unmarked blind spot:
A blind spot in a vehicle is an area surrounding a vehicle that cannot directly be observed by the driver. It exists in almost every vehicle including cars, trucks and even sail boats. Proper adjustment of mirrors is necessary along with an indication on the road to warn a blind spot. If not present, it causes crashing of vehicles and in most serious cases leads to death.
6. Insufficient hard shoulder:
A hard shoulder on a road is an additional lane provided for emergency stops. It also helps ambulances, police cars to move without disturbing the traffic. However insufficient shoulder gives a rapid increase in the traffic making it more prone to accidents as well as a blow to emergency services.
Financing a used car means that consumers will spend as much time on finding the most advantageous source of funds as they will spend seeking the car itself. They will want to take this time because if they were to accept financing from an expensive source, they are not receiving the best deal.
Any time that you want to be sure that you are able to close on a property, you will need to be sure that you are giving yourself the opportunity to find a mortgage company that can help you out. When that is what you need, we are the professionals that you will want to turn to. Our Mortgages in Windsor and financial services will allow you to get your hands on the money that you need in order to make your dream of home ownership a reality.
Why should I do business with your financial services company?
When you need to always get the most out of your financial services, you must touch base with us to learn more about what we can do for you. First and foremost, or professionals are top notch when it comes to helping you make the most out of quality interest rates and terms. The last thing you would ever want to do is sign on for a contract that will have you locked in for 30 years on a loan that does not make sense for you. We will be more than happy to match you up with any kind of service that you require, including finding a traditional mortgage, a home equity line of credit and any other sort of financing. The key is to make sure that you are able to close on a home when you need to, in order to be able to afford it and pay for it as you see fit. This will allow you to stay in control of the process, giving yourself the opportunity to not overspend on a particular property. With this in mind, you should be sure that you always reach out to our company for any sort of work that you are looking for.
With this in mind, do your research and get in touch with us to learn more about how we can assist you. We would be more than happy to provide you with the financial services that you need in order to get your hands on a mortgage note that will suit you. We are excellent at what we do and will make it worth your while when you reach out to our professional agents for any kind of mortgage or financial services that you need In that regard for the long haul.
There is nothing more annoying than waiting for a taxi or a public transport vehicle when you are in a hurry. Well, in such situations, renting a vehicle would definitely prove to be a smart move. Unfortunately the car rental industry is filled with rules and unethical practices. It is always recommended to go with a reputable brand like Discount Car but if you're feeling adventurous the following should be kept in mind before you visit a rental company:
The first and the most important thing to be kept in mind is that the vehicle you get at the rental services might not be familiar to you. It becomes very important to understand the vehicle first as to avoid mishaps. Ask the representative to present the logs of vehicle’s last maintenance activity. If they can’t present the documents, start getting suspicious.
Prepaid gasoline would be considered as a smart move by some people, but don't fall for this one. The rental companies will come up with schemes to lure the customers where they ask them to pay only for the fuel they use. Although this might sound very reasonable and apt, this thing is tipped in the rental agency's favor as the cost of having them refuel your car is always higher than doing it yourself. Always be prepared to say no for things like these.
Sometimes, things such as renting a small car and then enquiring for upgrades later at the rental desk might get you a good deal. In most cases, the agent at the desk has the authority in setting upgrade rates. But, always make sure that you have given him a clear idea of the amount you are willing to spend. If you’re lucky, you might end up renting a much bigger car at very minimal additional cost.
If you are thinking about registering for someone who drives and is less than 25, you should always remember that the rental companies charge extra for registering any underage drivers whether they actually drive the rented vehicle or not.
Even if all your drivers are over the considerable age of 25, you will still be charge for each additional driver registered when you rent the car. Always keep a clear idea of how many drivers you’re going to actually need, and then do the registrations at the rental company accordingly to save some money.
It is not a rare scenario when people either skip listening to the company policies or the rental car representative rushes past them. There are many important points you wouldn’t want to miss, one being that most companies prohibit the use of their cars on unpaved roads. The collision damage wavier or other rental car insurance will most likely be voided when you drive the car off road.
Most people would not prefer these, but it’s the little things in life that count, right? If possible, bring your own equipments such as a GPS system or a radio or speakers or anything that you can carry yourself rather than having to rent from the rental company. Whenever you can, stuff your bag with your own travelling extras and make sure the rental company removes theirs from the bill. These can help you save big in long trips.
Most people are often in so much hurry that they miss this important part – inspecting the car you have got. Check everything carefully whether it be the inside or the outside. Always look for any anomaly that could be later considered as damage. Do check the working of the electronics components before you depart. Check for any visual scratches or dents on the car. Take photos as they will come in handy if the rental agency tries to hold you responsible for damage later.
Open the trunk and check whether the spare tire is missing and also check whether it is properly inflated or not. Verify that there’s a jack and lug wrench for emergencies as many tools disappear from rental cars. Open the hood and check the fluid levels. After you think you’re done, take the vehicle for a little test ride and check the brakes and whether there is some unusual sounds coming from the car. If there’s damage, mark that down on your paperwork. You wouldn’t want to pay for damages incurred to the car by someone else.
Most Canadian car rental agreements do not allow their customers to drive the car across international borders for domestic rentals. Also, the car insurance you have rarely covers international car rentals. Credit card companies may help to some extent here, as most of them provide insurance at international destinations. So it would be much better to buy the insurance from the rental company at the time of renting the car.
If you have missed the final inspection of the car by an agent after returning it, you might land into trouble. Most of the complaints you will find about the rental companies have something to do with the disputes over the damage claims. Leaving the car and walking off when there is no attendant present might prove to be a hole in your pocket. The fact that the rental companies have your credit card number makes it very difficult to prove yourself right and requires money for services like a court appearance and a lawyer.
If possible, always take pictures and slow videos of the vehicle.
One of the biggest costs for parents in North America is the cost of post-secondary education. Of course, if you are wealthy this will not be a concern, but for average parents it is a major source of worry. Obviously, there are some children who decide that they do not want to attend a college or university.
However, if your children do want to go to college and you are not prepared, you could find yourself facing a very large financial obligation. This typically occurs when parents are expecting to have some financial relief with their expenses.
What Is A Registered Education Savings Plan?
Also known as RESP, this type of plan is critical to your financial future and the health of your finances if you have children who have expressed an interest in attending a post-secondary school. This is a program that is sponsored by the government (Revenue Agency and Canada Customs). The savings plan from CST consultants can grow at a tax free level. However, money that is paid from the savings plan can be taxed as a source of income for the child.
These plans are administered by a Promoter. The Promoter is typically a private person or company. This entity will collect all monies and invest them appropriately. Each student or beneficiary can have up to $4000 contributed to their savings plan annually. There is also a limit of $42,000. Although a student can have more than one savings plan, the limits are still in effect for each plan.
In order to apply, a child has to be a Canadian resident and have a Social Insurance Number (SIN). This information has to be provided to the Promoter before the savings plan is created.
The Different Types Of RESPs
There are several different types of Retirement Savings Plans. The first type of plan is known as the Non-Family plan. This plan allows only one beneficiary, but anyone can contribute to the plan at any amount they want to pay.
The next type of plan is the Family plan. With this type of plan, there can be more than one beneficiary as long as the beneficiaries are blood relatives or have been adopted by the persons who are making the contributions. There are no other restrictions on the plan as far as how much is paid and when it is paid.
The final type of plan is the Group plan. This is usually offered by foundations who determine how much is paid and when it is paid.
A Retirement Savings Plan is a great way to financially secure your child’s educational future. It provides families with the financial cushion needed for post-secondary educational opportunities.